What is a wing wall | Types | Purpose

A person standing in front of wing wall of bridge structure

A wing wall is a structure constructed as an extension of abutments to prevent earth from coming in contact with a passage provided for passing vehicles, pedestrians, and water.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Space Frame Structures

space frame structure components placed with their bolts to connect them with nodes and joints number

There are many advantages and disadvantages of space frame structures which are necessary to consider them before constructing a building 🏢 using steel components. As a civil engineer I have tried to explain all aspects of it.